Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, and although it is often related to aging it is not a normal part of aging. Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in the joints, and when this cartilage is lost, the bones rub together and over time this rubbing can permanently damage the joint. This results in pain, stiffness, swelling and reduced motion in the joints. Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint, but usually it affects the hands, knees, hips or spine.
The shoulder joint is the most movable joint in the body. It is comprised of the collarbone, the shoulder blade, and the upper arm bone. Shoulders are prone to injury because they are by nature unstable since the ball of the upper arm is larger than the socket that holds it. Hence it is the site of many common problems such as sprains, strains, dislocations, rotator cuff tears, and frozen shoulder.
A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint. A sprain occurs when trauma (like falling, twisting or getting
hit) causes two bones to move beyond their normal range of motion and the ligament is stretched. Ankle and wrist sprains are the most common sprains and symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising and being unable to move the joint.
Neurological diseases affect the brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body and this can lead to difficult moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing or learning. There are more than 600 types of neurological diseases, the most frequent of which are stroke, brain and spinal cord injuries and Parkinson’s disease. Approximately 50,000 Canadians have a stroke each year; 75% of those surviving are left with some level of disability. Physiotherapy for stroke survivors is an integral part of their rehabilitation treatment plan. As members of stroke teams,
physiotherapists address physical function issues and prevention of subsequent strokes, which are key determinants of quality of life.
Tendinopathy refers to damage to a muscle tendon, the most common of which affects the elbow (tennis elbow) and the Achilles tendon. Tendinopathy can be caused by sports or work-related activities that involve repetitive overuse or sudden trauma (tendinitis) or degeneration and tearing of the tendon(tendinosis).
Back and neck pain are among the most widespread reasons patients seek physiotherapy. And back pain is one of the most common medical problems, affecting 80% of people at some point during their lives. Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain, and can be acute or chronic. Neck pain, which is closely associated with back pain, occurs when muscles are strained from poor posture or injury, or when joints are worn or nerves are compressed. Both conditions can be debilitating and effect a patient’s physical and mental wellbeing.
Osteoporosis is a disease marked by reduced bone strength leading to an increased risk of fractured or broken bones. Osteoporosis is the major underlying cause of fractures in postmenopausal women and in the elderly. Often, a fracture of the hip, spine, or wrist is the first sign of osteoporosis. In addition to therapeutic exercise, a well-balanced and nutritious diet that includes calcium and vitamin D is good for your bone health and strength.
It seems that my fire story has lit a few fires under some want to be runners. In happy response, I’m posting a general Get Running Training Schedule to get you started. Prerequisites for learning to run is that you can walk pain free for 30 minutes without shortness of breath, have some good fitting running shoes (debatable if you’ve read Christopher McDougall’s fascinating book “Born to Run”), and you are ready for some committed fun. The goal of this eight week training schedule is to get you to a point where you can run 30 minutes comfortably, not to set any world records.
I watched in horror as I saw the flames lapping above my new clinic that I had painstakingly built. (Okay, that the contractor and tradesmen painstakingly built.) The fire was put out quickly, but the water damage that was to seep through was another matter. The clinic was open just six days before this fire and once again, we had to rebuild. Bad luck, bad karma, why me? I was upset and tried to make meaning of it but couldn’t find an answer.
The knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures are injured, there will be knee problems, specifically pain and difficulty moving. Common knee conditions include patella femoral pain syndrome, IT band friction syndrome, and ligament sprains. Tears to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are caused by a sudden twisting motion in the knee.